High-dose treatment with stem-cell support is usually given after a treatment with standard chemotherapy. It is used to destroy the remaining cancer cells and can increase a person's chances of being cured of certain types of cancer or leukemia.

High-dose treatment with stem-cell support involves storing your stem cells and returning them to you after treatment. This makes it possible for you to have much higher doses of chemotherapy than usual.

This treatment is also called autologous stem-cell transplantation. It is used to treat different types of cancer and certain kinds of leukemia and lymphoma. It can also be used to treat some rare non-cancerous conditions.